Narendra Modi is prime minister of India since 2014.
He was born on 17 Sep 1950 in Vadnagar, Gujarat. Vadnagar is taluka in Mehsana district in Gujarat. He is third born of Damodardas Modi and Hiraben Modi. When he was kid, he was working in his fathers tea stall at railway station.
When he was eight year old he joined RSS(Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh). He married to Jashodaben Chimanlal Modi when she was 17 years old and Modi was 18 years old.
He completed his ssc examination in 1967. He is graduate in BA from Delhi University and MA from Gujarat University, Ahmedabad in 1983.
Modi became RSS pracharak 1978. He was spreading RSS ideology an vision as pracharak. As a pracharak he has visited many places in india.
Modi Joined BJP in 1985. In 1987 modi played major role in Ahmedabad municipal election and made BJP won. And he was rewarded as General secretary of BJP Gujarat in 1987. He impressed L K Advani(BJP Leader) by his work. He help him for rath Yatra in 1990. He was rose in BJP and served many role within party. He had also played major role in 1995 Gujarat Assembly election. In same year he was appointed as Nation General Secretary of BJP.
In 2001 Keshubhai Patel was Chief Minister of Gujarat. Because of his poor performance in by-election and administration, party’s top leadership was searching for new face for Gujarat CM. After his resigned as CM, on 3 October 2001 Modi became Chief Minister of Gujarat.
Narendra Modi was in controversy after the riot in Gujarat when passengers were burned down near Godhra on 27 Feb 2002. Car sevaks were returning from Ayodhya (Babri Musjid). Violence against Muslim spread across the state. According to government 790 Muslim and 254 Hindus were killed. Modi was criticized for this situation.
After this incident, Modi offered resignation to BJP national executive meeting in Goa, 2002. But his resignation was not accepted. This riots was game changer for BJP. BJP won 127 assembly seat out of 182. BJP was defeated in 2004 Lok Sabha election. Violence against Muslim were the reason for the defeat. But BJP won 2007 and 2012 Assembly election in Gujarat under the leadership of Narendra Modi.
In 2014 BJP campaigned under the leadership io Modi, As in 2013 Modi was announced the Prime Minister face from BJP. There were several opposition within party, LK Advani(Founding Member) was one of them. Modi’s main focus was on corruption of congress and development of Gujarat. He mentioned Gujarat Model several time inhis speeches during campaign.
BJP won 282 Lok Sabha seats with 31% of vote share. Modi contested from two seats, One is Varansi from Uttar Pradesh and second Vadodara from Gujarat. He won both of the seats. Later he vacated Vadodara seat as one member of parliament cannot represent two seats.
In 2019 Mod was again the face of PM candidate from BJP. Main slogan was ‘Chowkidar chor hai’. Modi contested from Varansi lok sabha seat in UP. He won this seat very comfortably. In this election BJP won 303 seats. And National Democratic Alliance led by BJP won 353 seats. Modi again became prime mister for second time.
To control Black Money, on 9 November, 2022 government demonetized 500 Rs. and 1000 Rs. Currency notes. Intention behind this move was to find black money, counterfeit notes and stop terrorism. Because of this decision stock market fell drastically.
Swachh Bharat Mission:
On 2 October 2014 , Modi launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, to aware the people to keep the public places clean. Millions of public toilets were build for public use in remote area.
Article 370 give special status to Jammu and Kashmir state. This article was temporary. Under this article people of Jammu and Kashmir had special rights than any other Indian. This article give J and K autonomous status.On 5 August 2019, Government issued an order and make all the provision of Indian constitution applicable to Jammu and Kashmir. And new Act “Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act” was passed in parliament to create wo union territory Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
Abolition of article 370 faces number of legal problems. Supreme court of India is hearing 14 PIL based on abolition of article 370. A bench of 5 members is hearing those petitions.
Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act
Under this act pronouncement of talaq by a muslim husband upon his wife, by words, spoken, written or in elcyronic form or in any other manner whatsoever shall be illegal and void. Any Muslim husband who pronounces ‘Talaq’ upon his wife shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years and also be fined. Person accused under this act shall be released on bail unless the Magistrate, on an application filed by the accused and after hearing the married Muslim woman upon whom “Talaq” is pronounced, is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail to such person.
On 9 November 2019, supreme court of India declared judgement in favor of Hindus. Court ordered that disputed land to be handed over to Hindus and give 5 acre of land at other place to Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board for building Mosque. A bench of 5 judges pronounced unanimously the verdict of this cae on 9 November 2019.
The Court ordered the government of India to make a trust to build the Ram Mandir Temple and form a Board of Trustees within 3 months. The disputed land will be owned by the government of India and subsequently transferred to the Trust.
The Court ordered the entire disputed land of area of 2.77 acres to be allocated for the construction of a temple while an alternative piece of land of area of 5 acres be allocated to the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board for the construction of a mosque at a suitable place within Ayodhya.
he Court declared that the 2010 Allahabad High Court‘s verdict of the disputed land was incorrect.The Court ruled that the Demolition of the Babri Masjid was in violation of law. The Court observed that archaeological evidence from the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India )shows that the Babri Masjid was constructed on a “structure”, whose architecture was distinctly indigenous and non-Islamic.